Cataracts are a common eye condition characterized by the clouding of the lens in the eye. Contact World of Vision in Vero Beach to speak with an optician about eyeglasses and contacts that may reduce the risk of cataracts forming.
As we age or due to certain medical conditions, the proteins in the lens can clump together, forming opaque areas. These are known as cataracts. This clouding can cause vision problems, such as blurry or hazy vision, reduced color perception, increased sensitivity to glare and light, and difficulty seeing at night.
Risk Factors Associated With Cataracts
Cataracts primarily develop due to aging but can also be caused by other factors, including but not limited to:
- Genetic predisposition
- Birth defects
- Medical conditions like diabetes
- The consumption of tobacco and alcohol
- Too much exposure to ultraviolet (UV) radiation (such as sunlight)
- Previous eye injuries
- Long-term use of corticosteroids and some other medications
Cataracts usually develop slowly over time and can affect both eyes. If cataracts are starting to form, lifestyle adjustments and other preventative measures may slow down their development. This way, you may not require more invasive treatment, like surgery.
If you believe cataracts are forming, it’s smart to speak with an eye doctor or optometrist. A new pair of eyeglasses, the right sunglasses, and other things could slow the advance of cataracts.
How Are Cataracts Treated?
Cataracts are primarily treated through surgery. This is a highly effective and common procedure. The surgery involves removing the clouded lens, then utilizing an artificial intraocular lens (IOL) to restore clear vision. There are two main types of cataract surgery are:
Phacoemulsification (small incision cataract surgery): This is the most common type of cataract surgery. In this procedure, the surgeon makes a small incision in the cornea and inserts a probe that emits ultrasound waves. These waves break up the cloudy lens into small pieces, which are then removed from the eye. Next, the surgeon will insert a foldable IOL through the same incision, which then unfolds and takes the place of the replaced natural lens.
Extracapsular cataract extraction (ECCE): This method is used less frequently and is typically reserved for more severe cataracts. In ECCE, the surgeon makes a larger incision in the cornea, allowing for the removal of the cloudy lens in one piece. An artificial lens is then inserted. This procedure often requires sutures to close the incision and also has a longer recovery time.
Both types of surgery are safe and effective. However, prevention is often the best course for cataracts. An optician can recommend eyeglasses, sunglasses, and contacts that may reduce the risk of cataracts forming in the first place.
Eyeglasses and Contacts in Vero Beach
Call World of Vision today at (772) 562-2020 for more information on cataracts or to learn more about how our optician can assist you.